The different roles of an Agile Scrum team
There are three main roles within an Agile Scrum team. These are not intended to work in a hierarchical, tiered or sub-group way, instead, they are intended to work hand-in-hand and collaboratively with the same end goal in mind.
They are as follows:
The product owner’s main task in a Scrum project is to manage the product backlog. This is an “ordered list of work to be done in order to create, maintain, and sustain a product”. The product owner liaises with internal and external stakeholders and the Scrum team to relay requirements and expectations for these pieces of work and the overall project.
The main aim of a product owner is to ensure quality and value in a software development project. They are the ones who can see the overall vision for a project and they are in charge of making sure the work being done is consistent with this vision. They are in control of release planning and management, in which they manage the project’s life cycle from start to finish.
The role of a product owner is conceptual with a long-term vision, as opposed to the Scrum master who works on a more tangible and everyday level. The two will work together in harmony to ensure best practices within a project on its many levels.
The Scrum master’s job is to ensure smooth and efficient working towards the end goal. It is an overseeing role that can also include coaching, mentoring and training if needed by the team. Continual improvement and efficiency growth is the main field of interest for the Scrum master, as they focus on how the team can provide the best possible work for themselves and their client.
A Scrum master is different from a typical project manager. As we have mentioned, they are not “above” the members of the Scrum team, rather they are meant to work in tandem with them and guide the process when necessary. They are also not typically involved with release planning or stakeholder liaison, as this is the role of the product owner within a Scrum framework. It is the day-to-day workings of the team and the functioning of the project that is the concern of a Scrum master. They will plan sprints, sprint reviews, and retrospectives.
Who works within a development team on a Scrum project can vary depending on the requirements and scope of the project. Some common roles you would see within the team would include software developers, architects, testers, designers, engineers, and more. The teams tend to consist of 5-9 people, depending on the project’s needs.
A development team on a Scrum project is supposed to be relatively self-sufficient. While there is training from the Scrum master, they are mostly left to complete the work they need to complete for a project life cycle. Their progress is overseen by the Scrum master so that it can be as efficient as possible, and the work is consistently planned and reviewed to ensure quality.
Overall, the development team is a set of skilled and knowledgeable individuals working towards the same goal. They work in short increments which are meticulously planned and reviewed in order to be the best work possible.